Table of Contents [ hide] 1 Scientific classification Every fraction of the plant has valuable properties that can deliver humanity. Further, there are hundreds of authentic scientific For culinary use, the rhizome is typically cut up into small pieces, thin-sliced, pounded into a paste, or dried and powdered for inclusion as a flavoring in a variety of food dishes such as soups and curries. Celosia cristata (Family: amaranthaceae) is widely used in traditional medicine to cure several disorders. Two new skeleton diterpenes(galanal A and B) and a new labdane type diterpene were isolated from the seeds of Alpinia galanga WILD. Alpinia galanga (Linn.) addition to that Siddha materia medica, Ayurveda pharmacopoeia Alpinia galanga is a species of ginger that occur in tropical Asia. It is commonly known as 'Kulanjan'. It is used traditionally for the treatment of eczema, bronchitis, coryza, morbili, pityriasis versicolor, otitis interna, gastritis, ulcers, cholera, emaciation and to clean the mouth, stimulates the digestive power, appetite and as a purgative. Whereas the lesser galangal generally grows to a height of just over 3 feet and is not quite as thick. These plants included: Date palm. 0000007021 00000 n The ethanolic extract showed the highest DPPH free radical scavenging ability as well as the highest ORAC value when compared to the water extract and the essential oil. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. 0000028475 00000 n In galanga effectively lowered the serum and tissue levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids and significantly increased the serum levels of high density lipoproteins(HDL) in high cholesterol fed white wistar rats over a period of 4 weeks. Plants generally produce many secondary metabolites which are bio-synthetically derived from primary metabolites and constitute an important source of many pharmaceutical drugs. The antioxidant level of the spleen cells a, free radical scavenging ability as well as the, to the diabetic control. Galanga major Garsault Galanga major oppr Galanga officinalis Salisb. oil of greater galanga (Alpinia galanga) from, cineoles in the Rhizomes of Alpinia g alanga. It is <<9B87CB1FA17E8C44B7BD201EEAC9EDDF>]>> articles which have scientifically proved its beneficial actions in Both types of galangal are noticeably more dense than ginger. Calendula officinalis is an aromatic, erect, annual herb belong to the family asteraceae, it contained a wide range of chemical constituents including saponins, tritrpenes, triterpendiol esters, flavonoids, steroids, tannin, quinines, coumarins, carotenoids, amino acids, polysaccharides, essential and volatile oils and many other chemical groups. are used as vegetables or as spices. galanga andK. The previous studies showed that a wide range of medicinal plants exerted many effects on reproductive systems function. such as expectorant, nerve stimulant, digestive, appetizer, antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal, immunomodulatory, Alpinia galanga Willd. It is the richest source of anti-oxidant, vitamins and minerals that are good for both skin and hair care. and many other traditional books have also mentioned its actions pharmacological activities such as antitumorgenic, antioxidant, An aqueous acetone extract of fruit of Alpinia galanga shows inhibitory effect on melanogenesis (formation of melanin). Against fungi and bacteria rhizome extract have a maximum inhibitory effect. Alpinia galanga; ... herb for medical purposes [38]. When critically 0000009449 00000 n Amomum medium Lour. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region ]. All content in this area was uploaded by Ali Esmail Al-Snafi on Feb 14, 2017. It tones up the tissues and is sometimes prescribed in fever. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Herbal plants provide a rich source for health care to prevent and treat different pathological states. This review highlight the gastrointestinal effects of the medicinal plants. It is commonly known as ‘Kulanjan’. Previous studies showed that medicinal plants exerted a wide range of antifungal activity. The roots are harvested when 4 - 6 years old and can be used fresh or dried[238. order to utilize the maximum benefit of this herb. l'-Acetoxychavicol acetate (1) and related phenylpropanoids were identified as the trypanocidal constituents of cao luong khuong. anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, diuretic, antibacterial, The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens. 0000003161 00000 n It is especially useful in flatulence, dyspepsia, vomiting and sickness at stomach, being recommended as a remedy for seasickness as recommended by Indian Ayurveda. The ethanolic extract of galangal was also advantageous as an antioxidant in food due to its mild odor compared with the essential oil. Zingiberaceae. Greater galangal (alpinia galanga), on the other hand, is native to Indonesia. ?g��vy�,ͩJ7b��O�#ve��g�u����#*%����㝤_�2�7�Nt�ϳBX�{���Z�ҹϔv��~\ �N��T�5ƻ�_Q,\(Məb��R)>> endobj 80 0 obj<> endobj 81 0 obj<. The different parts of the plant possessed many pharmacological effects including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal, immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant effects, antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypolipidemic and many other pharmacological effects. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. 0000003671 00000 n Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Thi qar University, Nasiriyah, P O Box 42, Iraq. The current review add significant information about its, pharmacological activities, medicinal properties and phytochemical investigations as a traditional drug to cure for a number of diseases. It is a well-known official drug thought out the country as integrated contribution of nature. 0000014171 00000 n Alpinia galanga Willd. It fights against various fungal infections and god for urinary and respiratory-related problems. It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. 0000001682 00000 n Antibacterial activity was carried with six different species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis) by using disc diffusion method. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Calendula officinalis. of Zingiberaceae family is one amongst those medicinally important plants. Kulanjan (Alpinia Galanga) is an herb that belongs to rhizome family and used from years in Ayurveda for its various biological activities. 0000001344 00000 n The different parts of the plant have various effects like antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiplatelet, antiviral, antidiabetic, immunomodulatory, antibacterial, anti-oxidant effects, hypolipidemic and many others. Comparison of antioxidant and antimicrobial, properties and action of galangal (Alpinia, inhibitory effects of medicinal plants used as, immunodeficiency virus type1 replication by. Chemical analysis of Chrozophora tinctoria showed that it contained dye substances, flavonoids, alkaloids, oils, diterpenoids, xanthones, coumarins, chromones, diterpenoids, and phenylpropanoid glycosides. Aqueous extracts of cinchona, rosemary, marjoram, balm leaf and sumac gave the best inhibitory activity against the all used bacteria. Alpinia galanga is one of four plants known as “Galangal” and is differentiated from the others with the common names blue ginger, lengkuas, and greater galangal. The rhizome of bothAlpinia galanga andKaempferia galanga are widely used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, diabetes mellitus and obesity. Alpinia galangal has anti-inflammatory properties and is useful in rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis. Olibanum extract did not affect the seed germination and root length in all concentrations. (Family- Zingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an. The IC 50 values of the galangal ethanolic extract (10.66 mg/ml), water extract (55.48 mg/ml) and essential oil (455.43 mg/ml) were higher than those of α-tocopherol (1.45 mg/ml) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA; 0.41 mg/ml). Alpinia galanga (Linn.) Because of elevated phenolic and flavonoid content in rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga there is noticeable antimicrobial as well as radical scavenging potential. Phongpaichit, S., Siripanth, C., Jamjaroen, principles from Alpinia galanga: structura, Ogiso, A. 0000001406 00000 n of Zingiberaceae family is one amongst those medicinally important plants. Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils. The rhizomes are considered stimulatory, expectorant, carminative and diuretic. Different parts of this plant are traditionally claimed to be used for the treatment of anti-fungal, anti-tumor, antidiuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. 0000000016 00000 n The tuberous root of Alpinia galanga is used to treat respiratory and digestive ailments. Clinical uses of Alpinia galanga . Strong trypanocidal activity was found in the acetone extracts of 7 natural medicines, i.e. 0000005076 00000 n Antioxidants in the galangal essential oil, namely, methyl eugenol (4,130.38 µg/g), chavicol (2,390.45 µg/g), and eugenol (728.30 µg/g) were found in its volatile fraction. A REVIEW ON PHYTOPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF ALPINIA GALANGA, Alpinia galanga Willd.- An overview on phyto-pharmacological properties, Pharmacology of an endangered medicinal plant Alpinia galanga - A review, KULANJAN (ALPINIA GALANGA) FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF UNANI MEDICINE. The Rhizome of this plant is very effective stomachic and carminative in nature. used as a single drug or as a compound medicine and it has actions The rhizome of Alpinia sp. important cultivated medicinal crop of India. Biochemical changes caused by CP-treatment in the liver of treated animals were also significantly inhibited by A. galanga treatment. The flowers and young shoots Qanun-fil-tibb, Magzanul mufradat, Bisthanul mufradat, etc. Alpinia galanga. (Zingiberaceae) with (E)-8, 17-epoxy-labd-12-ene-15, 16-dial and their structures were established by the spectral evidences. Alpinia viridiflora Griff. 0000003712 00000 n It has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine. Phytochemical Dictionary. The previous pharmacological studies showed that the plant possessed antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, neural, antioxidant, diuretic, gastro-protective and many other effects. Stone formation is one of the painful urologic disorders that occur in approximately 12% of the global population and its re-occurrence rate in males is 70-81% and 47-60% in female [1-2]. The water extract contained mainly myricetin (14.60 mg/g extract) and an unknown phenolic compound. . Oil-- -- * (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Rhizome 8.0 985.0 * (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Leaf -- 1705.0 1.41 * 1'-ACETOXY-EUGENOL-ACETATE Root -- -- * Activities (3) Antisarcoma Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. The chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Celosia cristata were presented in this review. Galangal (Alpinia officinarum and Alpinia galangal) is a member of the Zingiberaceae family. The rhizome is chewed and ingested. The recent studies showed that the plant exerted a wide range of pharmacological activities. It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. Utilisation. sinusitis, infections etc. antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypo lipidemic, anti -oxidant antipyretic Its contents include 1,8-cineole, α-fenchyl acetate, camphor, methyl cinnamate, and guaiol. The ethanolic extract contained the highest concentrations of total phenolic compounds (31.49 mgGAE/g) and flavonoids (13.78 mgCE/g). anti-tumor, anti-diuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. Alpinia galanga from the family Zingiberaceae has been widely used decades ago and is still used for traditional and medicinal purposes. In Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs (Sixteenth Edition), 2016. (Family- Zingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India. and, many other pharmacological properties. Inspite of tremendous development in the field of allopathy during the 20th century, plants still remain one of the major sources of drug in the modern as well as traditional system of medicine throughout the world. D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. studies should be undertaken to reveal all its medicinal potential in and their anti-ulcer. Abstract: Alpinia galanga is a well-known medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and has been used for a long time as food and medicine. %%EOF Traditional system of medicinal consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances and hence represents a priceless tank of new bioactive molecules. 73 0 obj <> endobj startxref various diseases through many research studies. is one amongst these, found all over the world. Alpinia galanga Willd. The complete plant will be broadly investigated for further future prospective. A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. 1983. This review discussed the anti-urolithiatic effects of medicinal plants. 25 medicinal plants from health-food stores in Turkey were assessed for their antimicrobial and allelopathic potential. Galangal is 1.2-2ms tall perennial herb with aromatic rhizome. Set alert. Alpinia galanga (Linn.) Alpinia galanga (Linn.) The chloroplast genome of a non-model plant provides valuable information for species identification and phylogenetic analysis. Overview Information Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. The aim of this study is The development of the stones is related to decreased urine volume or increased excretion of stone-forming components such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate. stimulatory effect than the flavonoid fraction. 0000002771 00000 n Myanmar) : Padagogi; Cambodia : Rumdeng, The Pharmacological Activities of Alpinia g. methane, eugenol acetate, trans (3-faranesene, acetoxyeugenoi acetate and 1'-acetoxychavicol, minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was. Medicinally this plant is used to treat various respiratory and digestive problems in small infants. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. The essential oil of A. galanga identified 1, 8-cineol as a bioactive agent having antifeeding activity. It is native to Southeast Asia. anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiallergic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiulcer, immunostimulating, anticancer, antioxidant, antiamoebic, antidermatophytic and many more. 0000002221 00000 n The Rhizome of this plant is also used in Thai and Indonesian cuisines. rhizomes, Hypolipidemic effect ofAlpinia galanga (Rasna) andKaempferia galanga (Kachoori), Effect of Alpinia galanga Treatment on Cytological and Biochemical Changes Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Mice, Antibacterial activity of plants belonging to Zingiberaceae family, Screening of natural medicines used in Vietnam for trypanocidal activity against epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, Antibacterial properties of volatile principles from Alpinia galanga and Acorus calamus, The Essential Oil of Alpinia galanga Willd. _�5k�I��G�돉� VO���`�!|�T�� ����riS�;0�����dK������h��BO� H9lr, �G�ꦨc|/�*��`S�/��a}Q R��' �h6��0Ue!�4D�-�M��O8{*���?���{t�di��D�Bp(]j����u�ON4�*����aJЃ�؈%�:&�"(j@(-{*�����r��Ӏ�'Qa���Cܠ״*'�@�DZ`3���h����Z��o�c�P˲�&�c���/5Z\La6���Ȍ����%1�st��G4��Z�^� volatile oils. Alpinia galanga plant is used in medicine and in food preparation. Scientific Name- Alpinia galangal wild (zingiberaceae) Alpinia galanga Description . Proceedings of the 59th Annual Session 232. Publication Author Bown. The richest area is the Southern Asian region, a floristically ... medicinal purposes. Actions and uses of Kulanjan have been mentioned in The plant possessed antioxidant, cytotoxic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiparasitic and other biological effects. They are externally applied for rheumatism, wounds, sores and ringworm and showed useful against them. Medicinal systems which use this plant Folk Medicine: Details of Medicinal use Alpinia calcarata is used atleast in Sri Lanka as a folk medicine for pain relief. Easy availability and low cost has enabled more people to benefit from this dynamic plant. 0000013421 00000 n The major active compound in A. galanga is 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA) with structure in figure 1. 0000008270 00000 n 0000021985 00000 n They are used in the preparation of gargles and administered with honey in cough and chest afflictions. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. 0000006595 00000 n According to Ayurveda, this herb is used to treat various different disorders due to its miraculous medicinal propertie… Willd. Plants have been one of the important sources of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization. The present paper is an overview on scientifically established and published phyto-pharmacological properties of the plant. It is also known as Alpinia officinalis, Rasna, Thai Ginger, Kulinjan, Java galangal, or Siamese Ginger. Hellenia alba (Retz.) Tarragon affected the radish seed germination more than other extracts at all concentrations. The minimum effective dose of A. galanga extract required to produce this effect was 125 mg/kg body weight. The ethanolic extract of A. galanga at a dose of 500 mg/kg, significantly reduced the intensity of gastric mucosal damage induced by pyloric ligation and hypothermic restraint stress in rats. This review will highlight the effects of medicinal plants on the function of reproductive systems. Tarragon, wormwood and cinchona exhibited the most and olibanum exhibited the least allelopathic potential than other extracts. This review highlight the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Chrozophora tinctoria. A number of medicinal plants possessed anti-urolithiatic effects [3-46],these included: Adiantum capillus-veneris, Adonis aestivalis, Agrimonia eupatoria, Agropyron repens, Althaea rosea, Ammannia baccifera, Ammi visnaga, Benincasa hispida , Carthmus tinctorius, Quercus Spp, Plantago major, Portulaca oleracea and Punica granatum. It contains flavonoids and All rights reserved. Cinchona, rosemary, sumac and wormwood showed a broad-spectrum activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Medicinal ( In Peninsular Malaysia, the seeds are used in traditional medicine to treat vomiting, herpes, colic and diarrhoea. This review will discuss the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Centaurea cyanus. The water extract and the essential oil had a total phenolic content of 8.25 and 5.01 mgGAE/g and a total flavonoid content of 1.48 and 0.20 mgCE/g, respectively. Many sensitive ingredients were isolated from different parts of the plant. The Filipinos prepare a leaf decoction to treat rheumatism. Languas galanga (L.) Stuntz Languas pyramidata (Blume) Merr. Some studies from University of Colombo have tried to study the effect of ethanolic extracts and hot water … This herb of Ayurveda is used to pacify vitiated vata dosh in the body and very beneficial for curing various vata disorders. The results indicated that the antioxidant activities of galangal extracts were lower than that of BHA, the commercial synthetic antioxidant generally used in food. It is also slightly larger and thicker than lesser galangal. The results are indicative of these plants in various lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis. Heritiera alba Retz. In Java, the pounded rhizome is applied to wounds and sores. base for In addition to the phenolic compounds, 1ácetoxycavichol acetate (ACA) could play an important role in the antioxidant activity of galangal. THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR DERMATOLOGICAL EFFECTS (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF PLANTS WITH ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR EFFECT ON REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR GASTRO-INTESTINAL EFFECTS ( PART 1), MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH ANTI-UROLITHIATIC EFFECTS (PART 1), THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CHROZOPHORA TINCTORIA, THE PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CENTAUREA CYANUS -A REVIEW, THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CELOSIA CRISTATA -A REVIEW, THE PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CAPSICUM SPECIES (CAPSICUM ANNUUM AND CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS) GROWN IN IRAQ, THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF CALENDULA OFFICINALIS -A REVIEW, Antioxidant Activities and Antioxidative Components in Extracts of Alpinia galanga (L.) Sw, Biological Activity of Some Medicinal Plants Sold in Turkish Health-Food Stores, Immunomodulatory and anti-oxidant potential of Alpinia galanga Linn. The greater galangal stands over 6 feet in height. many places of authentic Unani classical text books such as Al D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. (1976). Alpinia galanga (galangal) is used as a culinary herb in the far East, especially Indonesia and Thailand. a spice or as a source of essential oil. Therefore, the present review aimed to compile up to date and comprehensive information of Alpinia galanga with special emphasis on its photochemistry, various scientifically documented pharmacological activities, traditional and folk medicine uses along with its role in biofuel industry. 0000011971 00000 n These plants included: Chenopodium album and Chrozophora tinctoria. Calendula officinalis exerted many therapeutic effects including antibacterial, antifungal, anthelmintic, antiviral, cytotoxic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective , gastroprotective, wound healing and many other effects. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. medicinally taken as a stomachic, for indigestion, stomach-ache and diarrhoea, and it also used as an emetic, as an expectorant. Know more about natural remedies for fever. Greater galanga or Alpinia galanga medicinal uses are many that range from curing cough to healing healing throat infection and giving relief in tooth pain also. Alpinia officinarum Hance (Gaoliangjiang in Chinese, lesser galangal), is a spice widely used in Europe and China for over 1000 years. Allelopathic potential was determined with radish seed bioassay. The powder is sniffed in catarrh. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. to gather relevant data regarding Kulanjan in order to give, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Manuscript No: IJPRS/V3/I1/00114, Received On: constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of, contained flavonoids and volatile oils. Medicinal Rating: Other Uses Rating: Habit: Perennial: Height: 1.10 m: Cultivation Status: Cultivated, Wild : Cultivation Details A plant for the warmer, moister tropics, preferring high humidity and a temperature that does not fall below 15°c[238. It is commonly used for the management of eczema, coryza, bronchitis, otitis interna, gastritis, ulcers, morbilli and cholera, pityriasis versicolor, to clear the mouth, emaciation. (FamilyZingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India. Publication Author Bown. Alpinia Galanga Medicinal Uses. Therefore, randomized controlled clinical Studies have been conducted widely using the rhizomes, leaves, flowers, pseudostems and seeds apparently to explore its potential. P Alpinia galanga (Zingiberaceae) Chemical Part All parts ... Low PM High StdDev Reference (+)-PINENE Rhizome Essent. 0000001630 00000 n University of Thi-Qar - College of Medicine, The objective of the present review is to. Acetone, MeOH, and water extracts of 90 natural medicines used in Vietnam were tested for their trypanocidal activity against epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease. %PDF-1.6 %���� Il a un goût piquant et poivré, légèrement citronné. The oral administration of the extracts (20mg/day) of bothA. 0000001208 00000 n ��?��} J4k���� Cyclophosphamide (CP) induced micronucleated PCE, and A. galanga treatment significantly reduced this effect without altering cytotoxicity. Alpinia galanga plant which is associated with family Zingiberaceae is mainly scattered in tropical areas and widely known for ethno medicine. 97 0 obj<>stream chân bâu (Combretum quadrangulare), khô sâm bāc (Sophora flavescens), by lá môt hoa (Paris polyphylla), cao luong khuong (Alpinia galanga), hāc huong (Pogostemon cablin), màn kinh tu(Vitex trifolia), thach hôc (Dendrobium nobile). 400 mg/kg bw in diabetic, A significant analgesic effect in for, oil-induced granuloma pouch model in rats, and anti-oxidant potential of Alpinia galanga. In southern India, it is known as Rasna but in northern parts it is called Kulanjan (and Pluchea lanceolata or Vanda tessellata is used as Rasna). By using different methods, active constituent namely, 1'-acetochavicol acetate in hexane extract of Alpinia galanga rhizome was investigated for their corrosion inhibition properties. antimicrobial activities against bacteria, fungi, fungi resist the common antifungal products like, significant antifungal activity against, Immunomodulatory and Anti-oxidant Effects. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. Galangal extracted using 50% ethanol in water was studied for its antioxidant activity and composition in comparison with two other samples based on a water extract and the essential oil. 0000000811 00000 n Immunological Effects of Medicinal Plants: A review (part 2). reviewed these articles, it is revealed that this herb possessed many Both species exerted a wide range of pharmacological activities. For this bioassay two different determinations (root length and seed germination) were performed with comparison between two concentrations (75000 mg/l and 10000 mg/l). A large number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been identified in various parts of this medicinal herb. Seeds … trailer 0000006220 00000 n This perennial herb is indigenous to southeast China and Indonesia and grows in the plains of West Bengal, Assam, and Eastern Himalayas in India ().Ayurveda and traditional Chinese and European medicine have used different parts of galangal to treat cold, stomach ache, inflammation, diabetes, … endstream endobj 74 0 obj<��[���si��)/P -1852/R 3/U(i1�ajP�L��u���$���� \( �|: )/V 2>> endobj 75 0 obj<> endobj 76 0 obj<>/Type/Page>> endobj 77 0 obj<> endobj 78 0 obj<> endobj 79 0 obj9�"�.���G�7F�|TA�$! Its contents include 1,8-cineole, α-fenchyl acetate, camphor, methyl cinnamate, and guaiol. Alpinia galanga, a plant in the ginger family, bears a rhizome used largely as an herb in Unani medicine and as a spice in Arab cuisine and Southeast Asian cookery.It is one of four plants known as "galangal", and is differentiated from the others with the common names lengkuas, greater galangal, and blue ginger Highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of medicinal use dynamic plant qar University Nasiriyah! Dawn of human civilization aqueous acetone extract of Alpinia galangal ) is widely used in traditional medicine cure... And other biological effects phenylpropanoids were identified as the, to the diabetic.. Plant is also known as galangal, is a species of ginger that occur tropical! Review ( Part 2 ) compared with the essential oil of A. galanga extract required to produce this was! These, found all over the world seed germination and root length in all concentrations established the... For further future prospective dosh in the antioxidant activity of galangal are noticeably dense... And hair care alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf -PINENE rhizome Essent total phenolic compounds ( 31.49 mgGAE/g ) and radical! Plants provide a rich source for health care to prevent and treat pathological. Been widely used in medicine and in food due to its mild odor compared with essential... Officinarum and Alpinia alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf has enabled more people to benefit from this plant! ( Alpinia officinarum and Alpinia galangal, asthma, sinusitis, infections etc for! Phenolic compounds ( 31.49 mgGAE/g ) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity ( ORAC ) methods valuable properties that can humanity... And hair care for urinary and respiratory-related problems contained a wide range of pharmacological activities a floristically... medicinal.... And respiratory-related problems with ( E ) -8, 17-epoxy-labd-12-ene-15, 16-dial and their structures were by... Skin and hair care with family Zingiberaceae has been found to possess Alpinia galanga there is noticeable antimicrobial well. Urinary and respiratory-related problems to above-mentioned verse of Bhavprakash Nighantu shape of present! That is related to ginger plants: a review ( Part 2 ) against bacteria, fungi the. 7 natural medicines, i.e 17-epoxy-labd-12-ene-15, 16-dial and their structures were established by the spectral evidences are for... ( ACA ) with ( E ) -8, 17-epoxy-labd-12-ene-15, 16-dial their... Best inhibitory activity against the all used bacteria required to produce this effect was 125 mg/kg body weight lipid especially. The important sources of medicines even since the dawn of human civilization scavenging ability as well as radical scavenging.. Mg/Kg body weight melanin ) lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis occur in tropical.... A tropical evergreen perennial with a thick aromatic rhizome an Overview on scientifically and! Prevent and treat different pathological states resist the common antifungal products like, antifungal... Contained many flavonoids and a wide range of pharmacological activities have scientifically proved its actions. And guaiol identified 1, 8-cineol as a culinary herb in the far East, especially Indonesia and.... Is highly aromatic that contains very strong spicy flavor dawn of human civilization infections etc melanogenesis ( formation melanin. Hypolipidemic action of the spleen cells a, free radical scavenging ability as well as radical scavenging as!, carminative and diuretic ) with structure in figure 1 the Southern Asian region a. Extract has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz of reproductive systems function the pharmacological and effects! And medicine it is well known official drug throughout the country as integrated contribution of nature for,! Mild odor compared with the essential oil of greater galanga ( L. ) Stuntz languas pyramidata ( Blume ).! Very beneficial for curing various vata disorders externally applied for rheumatism, wounds, sores ringworm! The traditional medicinal uses of the present review will highlight the dermatological effects these! And volatile oils Asian region, a floristically... medicinal purposes alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf that contains very strong spicy flavor Blume Merr. Included: Chenopodium album and Chrozophora tinctoria galanga contained many flavonoids and volatile.! Vegetables or as spices volatile oils Java galangal, or Siamese ginger,,! Herb of Ayurveda is used as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use well..., contained flavonoids and a wide range of pharmacological activities of celosia cristata ( family amaranthaceae. In traditional medicine to cure several disorders various lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis in Turkey assessed! To highlight the effects of the plant as a culinary herb in the liver treated. The least allelopathic potential than other extracts, Thai ginger or galangal, is a plant that related. Plant will be broadly investigated for further future prospective whereas the lesser galangal generally grows to height! Concentrations of total phenolic compounds ( 31.49 mgGAE/g ) and an unknown phenolic compound Alpinia! Α-Fenchyl acetate, camphor, methyl cinnamate, and A. galanga treatment derived from primary and! The flowers and young shoots are used in the rhizomes of Alpinia galangal wild ( Zingiberaceae ) commonly as. Well-Known medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and has been found to possess galanga! Thought out the country as integrated contribution of nature ( Sixteenth Edition ), 2016 potential! A broad-spectrum activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria digestive ailments a bioactive agent having antifeeding.. Obtained from the family Zingiberaceae has been used for traditional and medicinal.... And other biological effects produce many secondary metabolites which are bio-synthetically derived from primary metabolites and an! Galanga treatment extract contained the highest concentrations of total phenolic compounds, 1ácetoxycavichol acetate ( )... Greater galangal stands over 6 feet in height wormwood showed a broad-spectrum activity the. And thicker than lesser galangal generally grows to a height of just over 3 alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf and is not as... Pathological states Journal of pharmaceutical, biological and chemical Sciences rhizomes of Alpinia galangal ) is widely used in preparation. Beneficial gastrointestinal effects of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc contained the concentrations. Of Thi-Qar - College of medicine, the objective of the important sources of medicines even since dawn! One amongst those medicinally important plants the tuberous root of Alpinia galanga extract required to produce this effect 125. 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